Autoimmune hepatitis is a disorder in which the body’s immune system will start attacking the liver. It is an acute (short-term) disorder, if left untreated may lead to scar formation and ultimately will lead to cirrhosis. Generally, immunosuppressants are prescribed, but it is only effective in early detection. If the medications fail to suppress the activity, a liver transplant is advised.
Several women than men are affected by autoimmune hepatitis. The signs and symptoms of autoimmune hepatitis include weakness, weight loss, fever, belly pain, diarrhea, skin rashes, edema, and yellowing of skin or eyes. There is no permanent cure for autoimmune hepatitis, and it can be only managed with medicines or liver transplant is advised.
The doctors may consider a liver transplantation surgery is considered when the complications arising due to hepatitis cannot be controlled by treatment.
In a Liver transplantation surgery, the diseased liver is removed and replaced with a healthy one from an organ donor. It is major surgery. Over a period due to improvement in the immunosuppressant drugs and the follow-up care the survival rates have improved.