Liver Hepatitis

What Is Liver Hepatitis?

The liver is a major metabolic center of the body. It deals with various toxins, pathogens, and chemicals, which can sometimes cause liver damage. The damage or inflammation of the liver when tissues of it are damaged or infected is termed hepatitis.

Liver Hepatitis can be of two types i.e., acute (short term) or chronic (long and severe) infection.

Acute hepatitis – meaning the new onset of Hepatitis

Chronic hepatitis – meaning the Hepatitis has been present for more than 6 months

Liver Hepatitis Treatment

What is Acute Hepatitis?

Acute viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by infection with one of the five hepatitis viruses. In most people, the inflammation begins suddenly and lasts only a few weeks.

Acute Hepatitis Causes by infection with a virus (viral hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E), Overdose of drugs (such as acetaminophen, paracetamol), chemical exposure (such as dry-cleaning chemicals, and some wild mushrooms)

Diagnosis & Treatment of Acute Liver Hepatitis

Acute viral hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by infection with one of the five hepatitis viruses. In most people, the inflammation begins suddenly and lasts only a few weeks.

Acute Hepatitis Causes by infection with a virus (viral hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E), Overdose of drugs (such as acetaminophen, paracetamol), chemical exposure (such as dry-cleaning chemicals, and some wild mushrooms)

What is Chronic hepatitis?

People who do not recover fully from acute hepatitis and develop chronic hepatitis, as the liver continues to sustain more damage and inflammation. Hepatitis is considered chronic if symptoms persist more than six months. Chronic hepatitis can last for a year.

Common causes can include hepatitis B and C viruses and certain drugs.

Most people have no symptoms, but some have vague symptoms, such as a general feeling of illness, poor appetite, and fatigue.

  • Fatty liver not due to alcohol use (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis)
  • Chronic hepatitis can progress to cirrhosis and ultimately liver cancer and/or liver failure.
  • Symptoms of Acute Liver Hepatitis
  • An enlarged spleen
  • Small spiderlike blood vessels visible in the skin (called spider angiomas)
  • Redness of the palms
  • Accumulation of fluid within the abdomen (ascites)
  • A tendency to bleed (coagulopathy)
  • Jaundice
  • Deterioration of brain function (hepatic encephalopathy)
  • Alcohol-related liver disease

Diagnosis & Treatment of Acute Liver Hepatitis

Complete medical history and medical examination, diagnostic procedures for chronic hepatitis may include:

  • laboratory tests for specific viruses,
  • liver function tests or
  • liver biopsy to determine severity of inflammation, scarring, cirrhosis and underlying cause.

 

Treatment of chronic hepatitis focuses on treating the cause and managing the complications, such as ascites and hepatic encephalopathy, in people with cirrhosis.

If a drug is the cause, the drug is stopped. If another disorder is the cause, it is treated. If the cause is alcohol-related liver disease, doctors recommend changes in lifestyle, mainly abstinence from alcohol.